Historical aspects of the modernization of German legislation on the social integration of persons with disabilities

  • A. M. Zhorniak  PhD (Public Management and Administration), lecturer, the department of public administration and law, Dmytro Motornyi Tavria State Agrotechnological University http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9515-0180
Keywords: German legislation, inclusive society, persons with disabilities, social integration, employment of persons with disabilities.


The main indicator of the development of any socially oriented state is not only the economic well-being of the population, but also the public attitude towards socially vulnerable categories of citizens, including persons with disabilities. At various stages of the formation of Germany as a socially oriented state, the attitude towards persons with disabilities and their families changed from complete alienation to the creation of an inclusive society, which was reflected in legislation.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the historical prerequisites for the formation of modern legislation regarding the integration of persons with disabilities into social and political life and the construction of a modern inclusive society in Germany.

The scientific novelty consists in elucidating the theoretical and methodological foundations of the German state policy regarding the social integration of persons with disabilities through the analysis of scientific sources; study of the peculiarities of state policy regarding the social integration of this category of citizens based on a retrospective analysis of German legislation; generalization of the positive experience of Germany in relation to the state policy on the social integration of persons with disabilities.

The methodological basis of the research is a combination of general scientific, special and philosophical methods, such as: formal-logical (the essence and features of the German state policy regarding the social integration of persons with disabilities are analyzed); historical and legal (the issue of formation and development of legislation on the rights of disabled people is clarified); formal and legal (norms of German legislation are analyzed); statistical (the information regarding purpose of the research is studied, analyzed and summarized); analytical (the essence, state and problems of German state policy regarding persons with disabilities are identified); synthesis (organizational and legal principles of management activities regarding the social integration of persons with disabilities in Germany are identified), etc.

Conclusion. A set of joint measures was taken in Germany to ensure the implementation of practical actions, both on the part of state authorities, legislative and executive, and on the part of public institutions, with the aim of improving the regulatory and legal basis for promoting the social integration of persons with disabilities, expanding their rights and opportunities for participation in the life of the community, in discussing issues and making decisions at all levels, improving public attitudes towards persons with disabilities, ensuring their employment and career development.


1. World Health Organization. (2001). WHO ‒ World Health Organization. International classification of functioning, disability and health. Geneva.
2. World Bank and World Health Organization. (2011). World Report on Disability. Geneva. URL: https://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/report.pdf (Last accessed: 02.05.2022).
3. Poore, C. (2007). Disability in Twentieth-Century German Culture. Corporealities; University of Michigan Press : Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
4. Klee, E. (1983). Euthanasie im NS-Staat. Die «Vernichtung lebensunwertes Lebens». S. Fischer Verlag : Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
5. Binding, K. & Hoche, A. (1920). Die Freigabe der Vernichtung Lebensunwertes Leben. Ihr Maß und ihre Form. Verlag von Felix Meiner : Leipzig, Germany.
6. Burleigh, M. (2002). Tod und Erlösung. Euthanasie in Deutschland 1900–1945. Pendo : Zürich, Switzerland; München, Germany.
7. Galer, D. (2012). Disabled Capitalists: Exploring the Intersections of Disability and Identity Formation in the World of Work. Disability Studies Quarterly, 32 (3). URL: https://dsq-sds.org/article/view/3277/3122 (Last accessed: 22.06.2022).
8. Arendt, H. (2007). Vita Activa Oder Vom Tätigen Leben, 6th ed. Piper : München, Zürich.
9. Bösl, E. (2010). Die Geschichte der Behindertenpolitik in der Bundesrepublik. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 6–12.
10. Pfahl, L. & Powell, J. J. W. (2010). Draußen vor der Tür: Die Arbeitsmarktsituation von Menschen mit Behinderung. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 32–38.
11. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. URL: https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/convention-rights-persons-disabilities (Last accessed: 22.06.2022).
12. Bundesagentur für Arbeit: Arbeitslosigkeit. URL: https://www.rehadat-statistik.de/statistiken/berufliche-teilhabe/arbeits-und-erwerbslosigkeit/arbeitslos-statistik-der-bundesagentur-fuer-arbeit/#:~:text=2021%20waren%20im%20Jahresdurchschnitt%20172.484,2020%20(%2B1%2C6%20%25 (Last accessed: 22.06.2022).

Abstract views: 38
PDF Downloads: 18
How to Cite
Zhorniak  , A. (2022). Historical aspects of the modernization of German legislation on the social integration of persons with disabilities . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (4), 27-34. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2022.04.03