Ecological constitutionalism: doctrinal issues of determination of formation and semantic definition

Keywords: human rights, constitutionalism, ecological constitutionalism, ecological law and order, ecological human rights.

Abstract

Defining the phenomenology of ecological constitutionalism, we conclude that there is a complex dichotomous organizational and procedural chain «economy as an objective manifestation of human social life, including its biological existence – environment» / «environment – human life and society». In the characterological sense, the following chain: first, has an existential content; secondly, it demonstrates the fundamental and direct connection of the most important areas of human activity with the environment; thirdly, it directly raises the issue of human survival, including through the legal status of members of territorial human communities, depending on the actual state of the environment; fourth, it forms a deep and dynamic determination of human activity through the prism of environmental protection and protection, thus actualizing the creation of a protective ecological system based on environmental law and order; fifth, the solution of the latter problem is directly related to complex and contradictory processes of rationing, standardization, rulemaking (rulemaking + rulemaking), which must objectively take place within a state-organized society at the initiative of its members – citizens of the state created by them civil society institutions and with the active support of public authorities; sixthly, important steps to form a national array of environmental legislation that normatively support and legalize and legitimize environmental human rights, determining the dependence on the latter of all other human rights and freedoms, as well as the introduction of such rights in the constitutional values. must be reflected in national constitutionalism.

The purpose of the article: to generalize and study the evolution of doctrinal issues of determining the formation and semantic definition of environmental constitutionalism.

Scientific novelty is to identify trends in doctrinal support and ensure the phenomenology of environmental constitutionalism and its semantic content and understanding.

The methodological basis is a complex of philosophical, general scientific and special legal methods, including dialectical, historical, logical-semantic, structural-functional and hermeneutic methods.

Conclusions. In the ontological sense, ecological constitutionalism is not only based, but also mainly internal, and, both contextually and functionally, it looks like the appropriate environmental law:

  1. A) in his historical – with a focus on retrospect, but with a view to the future of human civilization;
  2. B) in theory – with a reflection on the latest doctrinal developments, covering multifactorial and multidimensional trends in the development of civilization in its human parameters;
  3. C) in praxeological dimensions – with emphasis on the modification of environmental policy of states and the international community in accordance with the best examples of individual-group and individual-collective environmental habitats (samples of environmental practice) of man and their determined normative-ecological attitudes (normative attitudes) its activity and behavioral guidelines in the environmental sphere.

The problem of law and order in the environmental sphere is not only decisive in relation to other elements of a holistic system of law and order in society, it is a kind of harbinger of environmental constitutionalism, which is crucial for the existence of universal constitutionalism as a fundamental characteristic of legal development. community of states. It should be understood that the subject-object core of environmental law and order, its «alpha and omega» are environmental human rights in organic unity and relationship with the systemic complex of its constitutional rights and freedoms – they are the «bridge», which connects the ecological legal order with ecological constitutionalism – and this is argued by the basic methodological guidelines of such a dialectical connection.

It can be stated that in the semantic understanding and definition the phenomenology of ecological constitutionalism: a) is synthetic and integrative, b) has great and significant national and international significance, c) is determined at the doctrinal level, but has existentially important praxeological characteristics, d) its significance can be attributed to the range of constitutional values; e) aimed at understanding complex and controversial issues, which in paradigmatic terms, on the one hand, significantly limits the rights of states and their international community to thoughtless, uncontrolled and unsystematic disposal of the environment, and on the other hand – recognizes the principle of supremacy rights in the field of environmental relations in which man has natural and inalienable rights to use the environment, the immanent part of which he is, and f) man has unquestionable rights to the rights of the state and other subjects of national and international law in normative recognition, legalization and judicial protection of such rights, g) for which the necessary normative and human rights mechanisms have been established at the level of states and their international community.

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Published
2022-07-29
How to Cite
Potapchuk , H. (2022). Ecological constitutionalism: doctrinal issues of determination of formation and semantic definition . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (3), 98-110. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2022.03.09