Electronic Communication Code as a new stage of Internet regulation reforms in the EU

Keywords: European Electronic Communications Code, digital single market, Internet, 5G.

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to briefly study and analyze the provisions of the European Code of Electronic Communications, adopted by the European Parliament and Council in 2019; the causes and consequences of its emergence in terms of current reforms in the field of Internet regulation in the EU.

Scientific novelty of the work lies in the analysis of the content of the European Electronic Communications Code as the result of one of the most important stages of Internet regulation reforms within the EU, which can be the basis for further research in terms of implementation of its provisions into Ukrainian legislation.

Conclusions. The European Electronic Communications Code, adopted by the European Commission on December 11, 2018, is a comprehensive document that marks a new stage of the creation of a single digital space in the EU. Its provisions are aimed at establishing clear rules for the use of the Internet throughout the EU, improving the quality of services, promoting investments, equality for all Internet service providers, providing a clear definition and delineation of concepts, building mutual trust between stakeholders in responding to new risks.

Finally, yet importantly is the approximation of the sources of European law regulating the Internet regulation to the requirements of technical progress. Such issues directly related to the establishing 5G connection were covered in the Code: long-term licenses for the use of radio frequency resources for wireless broadband access; clear rules for the restoration of rights; supplementing the previous conditions with stricter requirements for the use of radio frequency resources; priority bands for 5G technology; enhanced coordination and expert evaluation within the Radio Frequency Policy Group (RSPG) of planned national radio spectrum assignments across the EU. Taking into account the fact that mobile operators received exclusive access to 700 MHz frequencies starting from June 30, 2020, the Code continues to coordinate the use of the band to increase speed and provide better coverage. It is also important that the Сode operates on a non-discriminatory basis and does not interfere with the content of the services provided.

The EU pursues a comprehensive policy in the field of digital economy and digital transformation, creating a full-fledged system. Therefore, it is important for Ukraine to develop policies coordinated with the EU, taking into account strategic documents, EU acts and declared goals. In order to become a full part of the overall process and to take into account the European strategy 2030 «Digital Compass: the European way for the Digital Decade» at the level of state institutions, Ukraine needs to study the existing basic sources and approach the standards set by them.

References

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References:
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Published
2021-10-02
How to Cite
Novytsky , V. (2021). Electronic Communication Code as a new stage of Internet regulation reforms in the EU . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (5), 53-59. https://doi.org/10.32886/10.32886/instzak.2021.05.06