Ecological human rights: from onto-axiological significance to the novelization of constitutional understanding and modernization

Keywords: ecological rights of a human (citizen), ecological constitutionalism, national constitutional law, international community of states, international law.


The aim of the article is to consider theoretical and normative approaches to understanding the content and spatial content of the phenomenology of environmental human rights in the context of their ontological and axiological significance and objectify the prospect of updating their constitutional understanding and modernization, determined by globalization factors. It is proved that the issue of environmental human rights is objectified and intensified due to complex and contradictory processes of counteracting negative trends in this area, which can be identified in relevant areas, interpreting the threats posed in security and law enforcement contexts, namely: a) minimization tasks; and when it is possible to neutralize the negative impact on the environment during economic activities, exploitation of natural resources and their extraction for the production of material goods; b) overcoming the lack or limited use of resource-saving technologies; c) strengthening state and international control (supervision) of the risks of possible cases of environmental disasters and man-made disasters; d) increasing the effectiveness of economic and social mechanisms for the prevention and elimination of environmental emergencies; e) formation at the local, regional, state and international levels of environmental safety as a state of protection of the environment, population, territories, economic and other objects from various threats arising from negative changes in environmental components as a result of anthropogenic impact, should be provided with a set of legal, organizational, financial, material and informational measures designed to predict, prevent, eliminate real and potential security threats, minimize their consequences; f) the development by the state and the consistent implementation of an environmentally oriented strategy of society, dictated by both national and international realities, as environmental security can be ensured only as a result of the actions of the entire world community; g) intensification of processes for the formation of ecological consciousness, ecological individual, group, collective psychology, which is based on the understanding that ensuring only their own ecological well-being through the transfer of environmentally harmful industries, waste disposal, etc. is impossible, as transboundary and transterritorial pollution reduces the overall level of environmental security, leads to irreparable damage to the biosphere, poses a growing threat to political, economic and social well-being, sustainable development of society; h) intensification and contextualization of measures to overcome the low environmental culture of society at different levels of its existence and functioning – starting from the local, ie where there are and operate in local government in everyday life territorial communities, society at the regional level and the state, geographical subregions and regions, and ending with the world (global) society, represented by the international community of states.

The scientific novelty of the study lies in the critical consideration of the processes of emergence, formation, doctrinalization, legalization of the phenomenology of environmental human rights (citizens) in Ukraine and foreign countries, as well as at the international community and in formulating proposals for a new vision of profile rights levels of their regulation.

Conclusions: The growing importance and role of environmental human rights is determined by the crisis of human civilization in the context of globalization and the changes it causes, including changes in industrial production against the background of the formation, formation and development of the world economy. Systematically analyzing and necessarily taking into account the existential constants of existence and functioning of human civilization, we can say that the success of the preservation and positive strengthening of the ecological environment depends on the formation, existence, legalization, legitimation, development, improvement of the phenomenon of environmental human rights. The substantive burden of constitutional environmental human rights in the context of the globalization of the environmental crisis objectively requires updating its constitutional understanding and modernization through appropriate correlation and interpretation with appropriate constitutional design and constitutional-normative support and provision. Such a constitutional correlation should be based on the following positions: a) at the constitutional level it is necessary to regulate and regulate not so much the environmental rights of citizens as the environmental human rights; b) the division of environmental human rights into sectoral and intersectoral ones should be questioned, because it is the constitutional environmental human rights that cannot be distributed in this way, because it levels and discredits them in the context of understanding their legal force; c) in order to strengthen the importance and optimize the formulation of environmental human rights, we consider it incorrect to use the terminological connection «human / citizen» – in favor of the use of the term «human». An important factor that emphasizes the actualization and contextualization of these conclusions is the phenomenology of environmental constitutionalism, active processes of formation and legalization of which in the doctrinal-theoretical and practical-functional areas of national constitutional and general international law are observed as a steady trend.


1. Хворостов А. Ю. Экологическое право и экологические права человека: к вопросу о необходимости формирования. Социосфера. 2012. № 1. С. 86–98.
2. Шваб К. Четвертая промышленная революция. К. : Форс Україна, 2019. 208 с.
3. Макарова Т. И. Эколого-правовой статус человека: история становления, теоретический анализ содержания. URL: 81662827.pdf (Дата звернення: 15.06.2021).
4. Декларация Стокгольмской Конференции Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей человека среде, 17 июня 1972 г. / Организация Объединенных Наций. URL:
5. Бринчук М. М. Теоретические основы экологических прав человека. Государство и право. 2004. № 5. С. 5–15.
6. Васильева М. И. Публичные интересы в экологическом праве. М. : Изд-во МГУ, 2003. 424 с.
7. Макарова Т. И. Эколого-правовой статус граждан Республики Беларусь. Минск : БГУ, 2004. 231 с.
8. Мищак І. М. Законодавче забезпечення місцевого самоврядування в Україні та перспективи його удосконалення. Наукові записки Інституту законодавства Верховної Ради України. 2013. № 1. С. 54–57.
9. Смирнов А. В. Концептуализация повседневности: исторический и методологический аспекты : автореф. дисс. … д-ра философ. наук : 24.00.01. СПб., 2013. 40 с.
10. Конституція України : прийнята на п’ятій сесії Верховної ради України 28 червня 1996 року. Відомості Верховної Ради України. 1996. № 30. Ст. 141.
11. Малишко М. І. Екологічно-правовий статус людини в Україні. К. : УНА, 2001. 52 с.
12. Волощук В. Екологічно-правовий статус людини і громадянина в Україні. Демократичне врядування. 2008. № 1. URL: (Дата звернення: 15.06.2021).
13. Андрейцев В. І. Екологічне право : Курс лекцій в схемах (Загальна частина). К. : Вентурі, 1996. 208 с.
14. Анісімова Г. В. Здійснення громадянами екологічних прав : автореферат дис. ... канд. юрид. наук. Х. : Національна юридична академія України ім. Я. Мудрого,1996. 24 с.
15. Третьякова А. А. Экологические права граждан в государствах-членах Европейского Союза : дисс. … канд. юрид. наук : 12.00.06. М., 2001. 158 с.
16. Terminology Bulletin No 344, Environment and Development, UN, NY, 1992.
17. Kiss A., Shelton D. International Environmental Law. 2004. 458 p.; Shelton D. Human Rights, Environmental Rights and the Right to the Environment, 28 Stanford J1L (1991–1992), 103. URL: (Дата звернення: 15.06.2021).
18. Douglas-Scott S. Environmental rights in the European Union – Participatory democracy or democratic deficit? In: Boyle A. E., Andersen M. R. (eds.). Human rights approaches to environmental protection (Oxford, Clarendon press, 1998). P. 177–197.
19. Рамочные принципы прав человека и окружающей среды (2018 год). URL:
20. Доклад Специального докладчика по вопросу о правозащитных обязательствах, касающихся пользования безопасной, чистой, здоровой и устойчивой окружающей средой. Совет по правм человека ООН. 24 января 2018 года. URL: (Дата звернення: 15.06.2021).
21. Потапчук Г. В. Екологічний конституціоналізм: теоретико-нормативні підходи до розуміння та становлення. Наукові записки Інституту законодавства Верховної Ради України. 2021. № 2. С. 116–130.

1. Khvorostov, A. Yu. (2012). Ekolohycheskoe pravo i ekolohycheskye prava cheloveka: k voprosu o neobkhodymosty formyrovanyia. Sotsyosfera, 1, 86–98 [in Russian].
2. Shvab, K. (2019). Chetvertaia promyshlennaia revoliutsyia. K. : Fors Ukraina [in Russian].
3. Makarova, T. I. Ekoloho-pravovoy status cheloveka: istoryia stanovlenyia, teoretycheskyi analyz soderzhanyia. URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021) [in Russian].
4. Orhanyzatsyia Obyedynennykh Natsyi. (1972). Deklaratsyia Stokholmskoi Konferentsyy Orhanyzatsyy Obyedynennykh Natsyi po okruzhaiushchei cheloveka srede, 17 yiunia 1972 h. URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021) [in Russian].
5. Brynchuk, M. M. (2004). Teoretycheskye osnovy ekolohycheskykh prav cheloveka. Hosudarstvo i pravo, 5, 5–15 [in Russian].
6. Vasylieva, M. I. (2003). Publychnye interesy v ekolohycheskom prave. M. : Izd-vo MHU [in Russian].
7. Makarova, T. I. (2004). Ekoloho-pravovoi status hrazhdan Respublyky Belarus. Minsk : BHU [in Russian].
8. Myshchak, I. M. (2013). Zakonodavche zabezpechennia mistsevoho samovriaduvannia v Ukraini ta perspektyvy yoho udoskonalennia. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu zakonodavstva Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 1, 54–57 [in Ukrainian].
9. Smyrnov, A. V. (2013). Kontseptualyzatsyia povsednevnosty: istorycheskyi i metodolohycheskyi aspekty : avtoref. dyss. … d-ra filosof. nauk : 24.00.01. SPb. [in Russian].
10. Konstytutsiia Ukrainy : pryiniata na piatii sesii Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrainy 28 chervnia 1996 roku. Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrainy, 30, st. 141 [in Ukrainian].
11. Malyshko, M. I. (2001). Ekolohichno-pravovyi status liudyny v Ukraini. K. : UNA [in Ukrainian].
12. Voloshchuk, V. (2008). Ekolohichno-pravovyi status liudyny i hromadianyna v Ukraini. Demokratychne vriaduvannia, 1. URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021) [in Ukrainian].
13. Andreitsev, V. I. (1996). Ekolohichne pravo: Kurs lektsii v skhemakh (Zahalna chastyna). K. : Venturi [in Ukrainian].
14. Anisimova, H. V. (1996). Zdiisnennia hromadianamy ekolohichnykh prav : avtoreferat dys. ... kand. yuryd. nauk. Kh. : Natsionalna yurydychna akademiia Ukrainy im. Ya. Mudroho [in Ukrainian].
15. Tretiakova, A. A. (2001). Ekolohycheskye prava hrazhdan v hosudarstvakh-chlenakh Evropeiskoho Soiuza : dyss. … kand. yuryd. nauk : 12.00.06. Moskva [in Russian].
16. UN. (1992). Environment and Development: Terminology Bulletin No 344. NY.
17. Kiss, A., Shelton, D. (2004). International Environmental Law; Shelton, D. Human Rights, Environmental Rights and the Right to the Environment, 28 Stanford J1L (1991–1992), 103. URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021).
18. Douglas-Scott, S. (1998). Environmental rights in the European Union – Participatory democracy or democratic deficit? In: Boyle, A. E., Andersen, M. R. (eds.). Human rights approaches to environmental protection. Oxford : Clarendon press, 177–197.
19. Ramochnye pryntsypy prav cheloveka i okruzhaiushchei sredy. (2018). URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021) [in Russian].
20. Doklad Spetsyalnoho dokladchyka po voprosu o pravozashchytnыkh obiazatelstvakh, kasaiushchykhsia polzovanyia bezopasnoi, chystoi, zdorovoi y ustoichyvoi okruzhaiushchei sredoi, 24 yanvaria 2018 hoda / Sovet po pravam cheloveka OON. URL: (Last accessed: 15.06.2021) [in Russian].
21. Potapchuk, H. V. (2021). Ekolohichnyi konstytutsionalizm: teoretyko-normatyvni pidkhody do rozuminnia ta stanovlennia. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu zakonodavstva Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 2, 116–130 [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 81
PDF Downloads: 76
How to Cite
Potapchuk , H. (2021). Ecological human rights: from onto-axiological significance to the novelization of constitutional understanding and modernization . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (4), 79-93.