Ecological human rights: from onto-axiological significance to the novelization of constitutional understanding and modernization

Keywords: ecological rights of a human (citizen), ecological constitutionalism, national constitutional law, international community of states, international law.

Abstract

The aim of the article is to consider theoretical and normative approaches to understanding the content and spatial content of the phenomenology of environmental human rights in the context of their ontological and axiological significance and objectify the prospect of updating their constitutional understanding and modernization, determined by globalization factors. It is proved that the issue of environmental human rights is objectified and intensified due to complex and contradictory processes of counteracting negative trends in this area, which can be identified in relevant areas, interpreting the threats posed in security and law enforcement contexts, namely: a) minimization tasks; and when it is possible to neutralize the negative impact on the environment during economic activities, exploitation of natural resources and their extraction for the production of material goods; b) overcoming the lack or limited use of resource-saving technologies; c) strengthening state and international control (supervision) of the risks of possible cases of environmental disasters and man-made disasters; d) increasing the effectiveness of economic and social mechanisms for the prevention and elimination of environmental emergencies; e) formation at the local, regional, state and international levels of environmental safety as a state of protection of the environment, population, territories, economic and other objects from various threats arising from negative changes in environmental components as a result of anthropogenic impact, should be provided with a set of legal, organizational, financial, material and informational measures designed to predict, prevent, eliminate real and potential security threats, minimize their consequences; f) the development by the state and the consistent implementation of an environmentally oriented strategy of society, dictated by both national and international realities, as environmental security can be ensured only as a result of the actions of the entire world community; g) intensification of processes for the formation of ecological consciousness, ecological individual, group, collective psychology, which is based on the understanding that ensuring only their own ecological well-being through the transfer of environmentally harmful industries, waste disposal, etc. is impossible, as transboundary and transterritorial pollution reduces the overall level of environmental security, leads to irreparable damage to the biosphere, poses a growing threat to political, economic and social well-being, sustainable development of society; h) intensification and contextualization of measures to overcome the low environmental culture of society at different levels of its existence and functioning – starting from the local, ie where there are and operate in local government in everyday life territorial communities, society at the regional level and the state, geographical subregions and regions, and ending with the world (global) society, represented by the international community of states.

The scientific novelty of the study lies in the critical consideration of the processes of emergence, formation, doctrinalization, legalization of the phenomenology of environmental human rights (citizens) in Ukraine and foreign countries, as well as at the international community and in formulating proposals for a new vision of profile rights levels of their regulation.

Conclusions: The growing importance and role of environmental human rights is determined by the crisis of human civilization in the context of globalization and the changes it causes, including changes in industrial production against the background of the formation, formation and development of the world economy. Systematically analyzing and necessarily taking into account the existential constants of existence and functioning of human civilization, we can say that the success of the preservation and positive strengthening of the ecological environment depends on the formation, existence, legalization, legitimation, development, improvement of the phenomenon of environmental human rights. The substantive burden of constitutional environmental human rights in the context of the globalization of the environmental crisis objectively requires updating its constitutional understanding and modernization through appropriate correlation and interpretation with appropriate constitutional design and constitutional-normative support and provision. Such a constitutional correlation should be based on the following positions: a) at the constitutional level it is necessary to regulate and regulate not so much the environmental rights of citizens as the environmental human rights; b) the division of environmental human rights into sectoral and intersectoral ones should be questioned, because it is the constitutional environmental human rights that cannot be distributed in this way, because it levels and discredits them in the context of understanding their legal force; c) in order to strengthen the importance and optimize the formulation of environmental human rights, we consider it incorrect to use the terminological connection «human / citizen» – in favor of the use of the term «human». An important factor that emphasizes the actualization and contextualization of these conclusions is the phenomenology of environmental constitutionalism, active processes of formation and legalization of which in the doctrinal-theoretical and practical-functional areas of national constitutional and general international law are observed as a steady trend.

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Published
2021-07-21
How to Cite
Potapchuk , H. (2021). Ecological human rights: from onto-axiological significance to the novelization of constitutional understanding and modernization . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (4), 79-93. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2021.04.09