Organizational and legal aspects of combating threats of smuggling activity on the state border of Ukraine

Keywords: smuggling, counteracting smuggling, mechanisms of legal regulation, criminal liability, border policy.

Abstract

Smuggling remains one of the factors that negatively affect national security of Ukraine. Strengthening the counteraction of attempts to smuggle goods and cargo across the state border requires improving the organizational and legal framework in the activities of relevant public authorities

The purpose of the article is to identify the factors that negatively affect the process of combating smuggling, and effective mechanisms of legal regulation, the use of which will increase the effectiveness of combating the illegal movement of goods and cargos across the state border.

Scientific novelty is related to the fact that attempts to illegally move various goods and cargos across the state border pose a threat to the sustainable development of Ukraine’s economy and, due to non-compliance with taxes and fees, lead to limited funding for current social programs. The scale of this type of illegal activity is illustrated by the statistical results of operational and service activities of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.

In order to improve counteraction of smuggling, it is requested to eliminate conflicts in the current law, take measures to equip border crossing points with modern equipment, criminalize liability for movement of goods in large quantities across the state border, improve regulation on the by State Border Service of Ukraine practically exercising its rights on inspection of vehicles, cargo and allocation of land plots for the placement of border engineering structures along the entire section of the state border of Ukraine, etc.

Conclusion. Consistent implementation of these mechanisms will allow in cooperation with international partners to effectively combat the illegal movement of goods and cargos across the state border, eliminate schemes related to inaccurate declaration, understatement of customs value, as well as prevent interrupted transit, "black" imports and abusive import of goods; to regulate the procedure for actions and efforts of the state stakeholders on the implementation of the state policy in the field of customs affairs and to strengthen the efforts of the State Customs Service of Ukraine and the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine to combat smuggling at the state border, protect copyright and related rights to goods and products, increase the image of Ukraine in the European and global arena as a state governed by the rule of law. In addition, reduction of corruption risks among the staff of control bodies can be achieved.

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Published
2021-07-21
How to Cite
Nikiforenko , V. (2021). Organizational and legal aspects of combating threats of smuggling activity on the state border of Ukraine . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (4), 56-63. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2021.04.06