Selected issues of jurisdictional activity of the International Criminal Court of the Israel-Palestine conflict

  • O. V. Bazov Doctor of Philosophy in Law, doctoral student of the Department of International Law, Institute of International Relations Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2611-4044
Keywords: international criminal court, jurisdiction, legal basis, institutional basis, Israel, Palestine, Gaza, West Bank, East Jerusalem.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the legal and institutional framework of the International Criminal Court’s activities to resolve the armed conflict in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.

The purpose of the article is to study the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, which occupies a special place in the international criminal justice system in terms of the specifics of its creation and activities to resolve the Israel-Palestine Conflict in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.

The scientific novelty of the research results lies in the fact that a comprehensive study of jurisdictional bases of the International Criminal Court’s activities in the issues of the Israel-Palestine Conflict in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem settlement is being carried out for the first time in Ukraine.

Conclusions. As an essential part of the international criminal justice system, the International Criminal Court has appropriate jurisdictional powers to investigate international crimes in the Israel-Palestine Conflict in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. In particular, the Court’s territorial jurisdiction in the Situation in Palestine, a State party to the International Criminal Court Rome Statute, extends to the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, namely Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. The Pre-Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Court held that, in accordance with the ordinary meaning given to its terms in their context and in the light of the object and purpose of the Rome Statute, the reference to the State on the territory of which the conduct in question occurred in article 12(2)(а) of the Statute must be interpreted as a reference to a State Party to the Rome Statute. Palestine is therefore a State Party to the Rome Statute, and, as a result, a State for the purpose of article 12(2)(а) of the State. Palestine has thus agreed to subject itself to the terms of the International Criminal Court Rome Statute and has the right to be treated as any other State Party for the matters related to the implementation of the Statute.

References

1. Римский статут международного криминального суда от 17 июля 1998 г. URL: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_588 (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
2. Morris, L. Why Germany is Becoming a Go-To Destination for Trials on the World’s Crimes. The Washington Post, 6 March 2021.
3. Heller, K. I. Lesture on the US-ICC Relationship. Opinio Juris, 24 November 2020.
4. British Institute of International and Comparative Law, вебінар ‘Revieving the Review: What Needs to Change at the International Criminal Court? (webinar, summary), 20 November 2020.
5. Віденська конвенція про право міжнародних договорів від 23 травня 1969 року. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_118#Text (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
6. Статус Палестины в Организации Объединенных Наций : Резолюция Генеральной Асамблеи ООН 67/19 от 29 ноября 2012 г. URL: https://undocs.org/ru/A/RES/67/19 (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
7. The Government of the State of Palestine Declaration Accepting the Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. URL: icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/PIDS/press/Palestine_A_12-3.pdf (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
8. Situation in the State of Palestine. Document No. ICC-01/18, 22 January 2020 / Office of the Prosecutor; International Criminal Court. URL: icc-cpi.int/CourtRecords/CR2020_00161.PDF (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
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10. Резолюция Совета Безопасности ООН 1593 (2005) от 31 марта 2005 года. URL: https://undocs.org/ru/S/RES/1593(2005) (Дата звернення: 19.05.2021).
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References:
1. Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. (1998). URL: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_588 (Last accessed: 19.05.2021) [in Russian].
2. Morris, L. (2021). Why Germany is Becoming a Go-To Destination for Trials on the World’s Crimes. The Washington Post, 6 March.
3. Heller, K. I. (2020). Lesture on the US-ICC Relationship. Opinio Juris, 24 November.
4. British Institute of International and Comparative Law. (2020). Revieving the Review: What Needs to Change at the International Criminal Court (webinar, summary), 20 November.
5. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. (1969). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_118#Text (Last accessed: 19.05.2021) [in Ukrainian].
6. UN General Assembly. (2012). Status of Palestine in the United Nations : Resolution 67/19, 29 November 2012. URL: https://undocs.org/ru/A/RES/67/19 (Last accessed: 19.05.2021) [in Russian].
7. The Government of the State of Palestine Declaration Accepting the Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. URL: icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/PIDS/press/Palestine_A_12-3.pdf (Last accessed: 19.05.2021).
8. Office of the Prosecutor; International Criminal Court (2020). Situation in the State of Palestine : Document No. ICC-01/18, 22 January 2020. URL: icc-cpi.int/CourtRecords/CR2020_00161.PDF (Last accessed: 19.05.2021).
9. International Criminal Court (2021). Decision on the «Prosecution request pursuant to article 19(3) for a ruling on the Courts territorial jurisdiction in Palestine» No. IIC-01/18, 5 February 2021. URL: cpi.int/CourtRecords/CR2021_01165.PDF (Last accessed: 19.05.2021).
10. UN Security Council. (2005). Resolution 1593 (2005) adopted 31 March 2005. URL: https://undocs.org/ru/S/RES/1593(2005) (Last accessed: 19.05.2021).
11. Маrchuk, І. Wanigasuria, A. (2021). Venturing East: the Involvement of the International Criminal Court in Post-Soviet Countries and lts Impact on Domestic Processes. Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 44:3, 735–770.

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Published
2021-06-22
How to Cite
Bazov, O. V. (2021). Selected issues of jurisdictional activity of the International Criminal Court of the Israel-Palestine conflict . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (3), 6-16. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2021.03.01