Personal non-property rights of legal persons

  • L. V. Orel  Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Public and Private Law at the Faculty of Law and International Relations, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7054-3751
Keywords: personal non-property rights, legal persons, right to name, right to whereabouts, right to reputation, right to information, right to individuality, right to competition, right to activity

Abstract

The purpose of the article is the theoretical and legal analysis of the concept, definition and types of personal non-property rights of legal persons, as well as providing proposals for amendments to the Civil Code of Ukraine regarding personal non-property rights of legal persons.

It is necessary to specify what personal non-property rights legal persons have. This requires a comprehensive study of the problems of personal non-property rights of legal persons, to conduct a detailed analysis to clarify their general concept, content, legal nature, system, relationships.

The scientific novelty lies in a comprehensive study of personal non-property rights of legal persons, which are defined as absolute non-economic inalienable rights aimed at creating intangible conditions for the activities of these persons, and operate from their creation to termination. The article considers the features inherent in most personal non-property rights of legal persons: inefficiency, inseparability, absoluteness, universality, focus on individualization, informatization and creation of other favorable conditions for the legal persons, the action from the moment of creation to its termination.

The intangible rights of legal persons to the name, location, business reputation, information and various types of secrets are investigated. The concepts of intangible assets of a legal persons and rights to them, as well as the content and protection of these rights are studied.

Conclusions. The article emphasizes the need to improve the rules of civil law regarding the rights to name, location, inviolability of property, information, secrecy of communication, personal papers for legal persons, as well as the introduction of personal non-property rights to individuality, freedom, association and competition.

References

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References:
1. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2003). Civil Code of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine No 276. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15#Text (Last accessed: 01.03.2021) [in Ukrainian].
2. Griffin, J. (2008). On Human Rights. New York : Oxford University Press, 256.
3. Casals, N. T. (2006). Group Rights as Human Rights: A Liberal Approach to Multiculturalism. Netherland : Springer, 55, 56.
4. Werhane, P. H. (1985). Persons, Rights, and Corporations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 34.
5. French, P. A. (1979). The Corporation as a Moral Person. American Philosophical Quarterly, 3, 207–215.
6. Charles O'Kelley. (1979). The Constitutional Rights of Corporations Revisited: Social and Political Expression and the Corporation after First National Bank V. Bellotti, 67 GEO. L.J. 1347.
7. Orts, E. W. (2013). Business Persons: A Legal Theory of the Firm. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
8. Hallis, F. (1930). Corporate Personality. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 102.
9. Konrad R. (April 25, 1980). Morality and Corporations: Avoiding Schizophrenia. Detroit, Michigan: American Philosophical Western Division Meetings.
10. Goodpaster, E. K. (1984). Testing Morality and Organizations. The International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 2, 35.
11. Calsamiglia, A. (1989). Sobre el principio de igualdad. J. Muguerza Madrid: Debate.
12. Fediuk, L. V. (2013). Personal non-property rights of legal persons. Ivano-Frankivsk : Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University [in Ukrainian].
13. Orel L. V. (2016). Information rights of legal persons. Kyiv : Interservise [in Ukrainian].
14. Orel L. V. (2017). Individualization rights of legal persons. Kyiv : Interservise [in Ukrainian].
15. Orel L. V. (2016). Democratization rights of legal persons. Kyiv : Interservise [in Ukrainian].
16. Orel L. V. and others. (2020). Update of the Civil Code of Ukraine: formation of approaches. Odessa : Gelvetyka [in Ukrainian].

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Published
2021-04-27
How to Cite
Orel , L. (2021). Personal non-property rights of legal persons . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (2), 74-84. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2021.02.08