Principle of local government (Home rule) and its role in the system of division of authorities

Keywords: local executive authority, local self-government, political parties, court decisions, municipalities.

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to consider the role, significance and place in the general system of public power of the principle of local self-government (Home rule), the structural construction of local self-government as an independent level of such power. The differences between local governments and local authorities are analyzed in detail, in the context of which the author pays great attention to the economic and political aspects of local government. It is proved that local self-government, despite all the contradictions that take place, shows a steady tendency to increase the importance of its role against the background of decentralization of power. It is stated that the principle of local self-government (Home rule) is one of the most important principles of formation, development and improvement of modern democratic rule of law. Processes aimed at deepening democratic principles of governance expand the rights of local governments, making them the foundation of the entire vertical of public power, both state and self-governing (municipal) power.

The scientific novelty of the study lies in the critical consideration of the place of local governments in the system of organization of public power, which is based on the classic and latest scientific works of prominent lawyers of the world. The author also explores the principles of exercising public power by local governments in developed countries.

Conclusions: Local self-government, despite all the contradictions inherent in this institution, shows a steady tendency to increase the importance of its role in the process of establishing a democratic state governed by the rule of law and especially against the background of decentralization of public authority. Processes aimed at deepening democratic principles of governance objectively expand the rights of local self-government bodies, transforming them into the foundation of the entire vertical of public power.

References

1. Foster R. F. Modern Ireland (1600–1972). New York, 1988. 688 р.
2. Европейская хартия местного самоуправления. ETS № 122, Страсбург, 15 октября 1985 г. СЕ, 2010. 16 с.
3. Конституция Французской Республики. М. : ИНФРА-М – НОРМА, 1997. С. 665–682.
4. Алексис де Токвиль. Демократия в Америке / Пер. с франц. ; Предисл. Гарольда Дж. Ласки. М. : Прогресс, 1992. 554 с.
5. Gilbertson Henry. The County: The Dark Continent. New York National Short Ballot Association, 1917. 297 p.
6. Local governments by States, U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2006, Series GF 76, No 7. 197 p.
7. Public Policy and Federalism: Issues in state and local politics / Jeffry R. Henig. New York : St. Martin’s Press Inc., 1985. 400 р.
8. The Urban Politics Dictionary / Smith, John W. & John B. Klemanski. Santa Barbara, Calif. [etc.]: ABC-CLIO [etc.], 1990. XV. 613 p.
9. Commentaries on the law of municipal corporations / by John F. Dillon. 5 ed. Boston: Little Brown, 1911. 459 p.
10. Constitution оf The State оf Tennessee. Tennessee blue book. Statistical Information. Nashville. 1996. P. 420–422.
11. Robert S. Lorch. State and local politics: The Great Entanglement. Prentice-Hall, 1992. 415 p.
12. Barone M. and Ujifusa G. The Almanac of American Politics. National Journal. Washington D.C. 1996. 1440 p.
13. Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 16. Grolier Inc. 1992. 647 р.
14. Neal R. Pierce, Jerry Hagstrom. The Book of America: Inside 50 States Today. W.W. Norton and Co. New York – London, 1994. 910 p.
15. Kopylenko Oleksandr, Myshchak Ivan. Community Control of the Activities of Self-Government Authorities in Ukraine and Poland. Jahrbuch für Ostrecht. 2019. P. 15–30.
16. Мищак І. М. Законодавче забезпечення місцевого самоврядування в Україні та перспективи його удосконалення. Наукові записки Інституту законодавства Верховної Ради України. 2013. № 1. С. 54–57.
17. Мищак І. М. Механізми контролю громади за діяльністю депутатів місцевих рад в Україні та Польщі (порівняльно-правовий аналіз). Наукові записки Інституту законодавства Верховної Ради України. 2016. № 1. С. 56–61.
18. Харвей Д., Худ К. Британское государство / Пер. с англ: Ветвинская Т. Л., Ветвинский Л. А. М. : Иностр. литерат. 1961. 388 с.

References:
1. Foster, R. F. (1988). Modern Ireland (1600–1972). New York.
2. Yevropeyskaya khartiya mestnogo samoupravleniya. ETS № 122, Strasburg, 15 oktyabrya 1985 g. SE, 2010 [in Russian].
3. Konstitutsiya Frantsuzskoy Respubliki. (1997). M. : INFRA-M – NORMA, 665–682 [in Russian].
4. Tokvil', Aleksis de. (1992). Demokratiya v Amerike / Per. s frants. ; Predisl. Garol'da Dzh. Laski. M. : Progress [in Russian].
5. Gilbertson, Henry. (1917). The County: The Dark Continent. New York National Short Ballot Association.
6. Local governments by States, U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2006). Series GF 76, 7.
7. Public Policy and Federalism: Issues in state and local politics. (1985) / Jeffry R. Henig. New York: St. Martin’s Press Inc.
8. The Urban Politics Dictionary. (1990) / Smith, John W. & John B. Klemanski. Santa Barbara, Calif. [etc.]: ABC-CLIO [etc.]. XV.
9. Commentaries on the law of municipal corporations. (1911) / by John F. Dillon, 5 ed. Boston: Little Brown.
10. Constitution оf The State оf Tennessee. (1996). Tennessee blue book. Statistical Information. Nashville, 420–422.
11. Lorch, Robert S. (1992). State and local politics: The Great Entanglement. Prentice-Hall.
12. Barone, M. and Ujifusa, G. (1996). The Almanac of American Politics. National Journal. Washington D.C.
13. Encyclopedia Americana. (1992). Vol. 16. Grolier Inc.
14. Pierce, Neal R., Hagstrom, Jerry. (1994). The Book of America: Inside 50 States Today. W.W. Norton and Co. New York – London.
15. Kopylenko Oleksandr, Myshchak Ivan. (2019). Community Control of the Activities of Self-Government Authorities in Ukraine and Poland. Jahrbuch für Ostrecht, 15–30.
16. Myshchak, I. M. (2013). Zakonodavche zabezpechennia mistsevoho samovriaduvannia v Ukraini ta perspektyvy yoho udoskonalennia. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu zakonodavstva Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 1, 54–57 [in Ukrainian].
17. Myshchak, I. M. (2016). Mekhanizmy kontroliu hromady za diialnistiu deputativ mistsevykh rad v Ukraini ta Polshchi (porivnialno-pravovyi analiz). Naukovi zapysky Instytutu zakonodavstva Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 1, 56–61 [in Ukrainian].
18. Kharvey, D., Khud, K. (1961). Britanskoye gosudarstvo / Per. s angl: Vetvinskaya T. L., Vetvinskiy L. A. M. : Inostr. literat. [in Russian].

Abstract views: 16
PDF Downloads: 16
Published
2021-04-27
How to Cite
Barabash  , B. (2021). Principle of local government (Home rule) and its role in the system of division of authorities . Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (2), 6-18. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2021.02.01