International legal standards in the area of constitutional law: concepts, marks and places in the source system

Keywords: national constitutional law, international legal standards, norms of international law, interaction of international law and national law of states, implementation, implementation of norms of international law in the national legislation of states.

Abstract

In the context of legal globalization, the linkage of international law with the national legal systems of the member states of the international community is objectively enhanced, which is manifested in the interaction of norms and principles of international law contained in international treaties with the system of national constitutional law and legislation. Most clearly, this interaction is reflected in the borrowing of the rules of national constitutional law of the states of international legal standards, as a complex systematic normative phenomenology of international contractual relations, which, after recognition by the states parties to international treaties, by their signing, must be implemented in the national system of constitutional legislation the level and standard norms of national constitutional law.

The purpose of the article is to study the phenomenology of the city, the role, meaning and application of international legal standards in national constitutional law in the context of their doctrinal definition, understanding, and praxeological value through the study of their concepts, features and places in its source system.

The scientific novelty is to investigate the place and role of international legal standards in the national system of constitutional law by defining their concepts, features and place in the system of sources of constitutional law.

Conclusions. The author comes to the following conclusions. Constitutional law of the state acts as a fundamental, fundamental and unifying branch of national law, because its legal rules regulate the basic relations that arise in the process of formation, existence, functioning and interaction between each other of the individual (person), society and state. Therefore, given the constitutive nature of these legal relations, constitutional law itself has a special role to play in modeling the national system of law and the national system of law, including borrowing the rules of international law. Relevance of the investigated problems is substantiated by the lack of domestic scientific developments in the complex research of the category of «international standards», disclosure of their influence on the formation and development of constitutional law of Ukraine, clarification of their place in the field of rights, freedoms and responsibilities of human and citizen in constitutional law Of Ukraine, as well as in the formation and activity of state authorities and local self-government, underdevelopment of relevant legislation and lack of generalization of practice and international experience with these issues - although its important theoretical and practical significance for the development of national constitutional Legislative Drafting (zakonoproektuvannya) and rule-making (legislative) in the implementation of international standards into national legislation of Ukraine, is certainly important. The presence of a large number of doctrinal approaches to understanding international legal standards, yet does not solve the problem of their optimal definition - at the same time, we believe that the theoretical developments in this field go the productive path through the definition of the legal nature of international legal standards, their subjects development, their adoption and legalization at the international level, as well as through their understanding in the obligatory sense with the obligations of the States parties to international treaties, which are transposed into the norms of national con Institution Building legislation through the mechanism of implementing it as the international legal obligations of the state, which should be implemented. The following features are characteristic features of international legal standards: the existence of the object and method of legal regulation; their conciliatory nature; their coordination nature; their obligation to those parties who have voluntarily recognized it; forms of their existence – international treaty or other acts of international organizations; ensuring their implementation, which takes place at the level of states or international organizations as state unions; their structural feature, which is the absence of a structural element of the norm – sanctions. International legal standards, which are norms of international law contained in international multilateral treaties, are ordinary and proper sources of national constitutional law that can be applied in practical activity of its subjects as well as other norms of national law and legislation.

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Published
2020-03-13
How to Cite
Martinovsky, D. P. (2020). International legal standards in the area of constitutional law: concepts, marks and places in the source system. Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (2), 69-77. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2020.02.08