Рroblematic aspects of the Draft Law for the amending in the Constitution of Ukraine (on decentralization)

  • I. M. Myshchak Doctor of History, Professor, Head of the Scientific and Organization Department, the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4466-9836
Keywords: Constitution of Ukraine, law, decentralization, local government, community, prefect.

Abstract

The reform of public administration and local government, which has been actively pursued for the past five years, requires adequate legislative support. First of all, it is about the amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine, for the development of which basic legislative acts should be developed and adopted, in particular the administrative-territorial structure, the status of representatives or bodies of central government in the field, the service in these bodies, local self-government in Ukraine (new edition), about service in local self-government bodies (new edition), etc.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the draft amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine on decentralization No. 2598 of December 13, 2019, highlighting its main positive and problematic provisions.

The scientific novelty lies in the analysis of the draft amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine on decentralization of power submitted to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the identification of positive provisions that may be useful for improving the legal status and independence of local self-government bodies, as well as the identification of the most debatable norms on the potential strengthening of central government positions at the local level.

Conclusions. Reforming public administration in Ukraine requires a systematic update of the legislative field, including amendments to the Constitution. The corresponding public expectations were practically embodied in the submission by the President of Ukraine to the Parliament for consideration of the Draft Law amendments in the Constitution of Ukraine (on decentralization) No. 2598 of December 13, 2019. His achievement was the provisions on: grounding the territorial structure of Ukraine on the basis of unitarity, unity and unity state territory, decentralization, subsidiarity and ubiquity of local self-government, introduction of a three-component system of administrative and territorial structure of Ukraine – communities and, districts, creation of executive committees of local self-government bodies at the district level instead of current state administrations, etc.

However, even in the revised form of December 27, 2019, the draft contained a number of provisions that could potentially jeopardize the rights of local self-government bodies and officials. Such are the right of the prefect to exercise executive power in districts, oblasts, cities of Kyiv and Sevastopol, to issue acts that are binding in the respective territory, to suspend the acts of local self-government bodies and officials on the grounds of their inconsistency with the Constitution or the laws of Ukraine, while simultaneously addressing court, to submit to the President of Ukraine a motion to suspend an act approved by a community council, a community chairman, a district, regional council of an act that does not conform with the Constitution of Ukraine and creates a threat of violation of the state sovereignty, territorial integrity or national security threat, and the temporary suspension in connection with the office of the head of the community, the council of the community, district, regional council and others. Most criticized was the rule on the right of the President of Ukraine in the case of adoption by the community council, community head, district, regional council of an act that does not conform to the Constitution of Ukraine and creates a threat to violation of state sovereignty, territorial integrity or threat to national security appropriate act and temporarily suspend the authority of the head of the community, the composition of the community council, district, regional council and appoint a temporary state commissioner. In case the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognizes such an act as not in conformity with the Constitution of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine upon termination of the President of Ukraine must terminate beforehand the powers of the head of the community, community council, district, regional council. Equally questionable are proposals to determine, at the level of laws, not in the Constitution, the principles of the legal status of heads of communities, deputies of community councils, district, regional councils, the order of formation, reorganization and liquidation of executive bodies of community councils, executive committees of district, regional councils, their scope. authority, etc. The debatability of these and other provisions was eventually recognized as a subject of legislative initiative by the President of Ukraine, which led to the withdrawal of the bill. At the same time, the analysis of this bill and the definition of its most debatable provisions is useful in the context of the need to develop a new bill amending the Constitution of Ukraine on decentralization of power.

References

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Spilna zaiava miskykh, selyshchnykh, silskykh holiv, holiv obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad ta ekspertiv z pytan detsentralizatsii vlady i mistsevoho samovriaduvannia. (2019). Ukrainskyi kryzovyi media-tsentr, 19 hrudnia. URL: https://uacrisis.org/ua/74427-decentralization-common-statement (Last accessed: 10.01.2020) [in Ukrainian].

Myshchak, I. M. (2013). Legislative regulation of the self-government in Ukraine and perspectives for its improvement. Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 1, 54–57. URL: https://instzak.com/index.php/journal/article/view/702 (Last accessed: 10.01.2020) [in Ukrainian].


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Published
2020-02-14
How to Cite
Myshchak, I. M. (2020). Рroblematic aspects of the Draft Law for the amending in the Constitution of Ukraine (on decentralization). Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (1), 60-67. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2020.01.06