The principles of waste and resources management in the EU members


  • K. V. Khlabystova Candidate of Legal Science http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6261-6746
  • O. O. Gulak Postgraduate Student of the academician F. H. Burchak Scientific Research Institute of Ргіvаtе Law and Entrepreneurship of National Academy of Law Sciences of Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0246-5683
Keywords: waste, waste and resource management principles, extended producer responsibility, sustainable development, EU ecological policy.

Abstract

The purpose of the article is a research of the European waste management and resources system in the context of approximation of national legislation to acquis communautaire, based on the relevant general and special principles.

The scientific novelty caused by the fact that in the conditions of European integration for Ukraine is relevant change of legislation and practices in the field of waste management, modernization of the appropriate infrastructure and increasing environmental awareness of citizens. Generalized the positive experience of waste and resource management in the EU countries, the contents of the EU directives on the waste and resource handling, and scientific publications on this topic are noted that the majority of EU standards in this area are formulated as principles of the system of Waste and resource management. Therefore, the concept and content of the category «Principles of waste management» is found, their classification is proposed.

Conclusions. On the basis of definitions of the «Principles of law» and «EU Environmental Policy principles», the principles of waste management and resources are defined as fundamental ideas and guidelines on which the waste management system and resources are functioning, They determine its general orientation, purpose, purpose and structure, and establish methods of such governance.

The European waste and resource management system is based on the following general principles of the EU environmental policy: the principle of sustainable development, the polluter pays principle, the principle of introducing the best available technologies, the principle of preventive measures, the principle of promoting clean technologies and products, the principle of uniform terminology and classification, principle of planning and reporting.

The specific principles of waste management and resources include the following: the principle of a waste hierarchy, which provides for the next five-step system of waste management priorities, starting with the most desirable options and ending with unwanted options that can be applied only after the previous ones: prevention of waste generation; preparation for reuse; waste processing; energy recovery; liquidation. The principle of self-sufficiency means the creation by each Member State of the EU of an adequate infrastructure for the disposal and disposal of all waste generated in it. The principle of proximity lies in the fact that the collection, disposal and disposal of waste should be as close as possible to the source of their formation. The principle of extended producer responsibility (a natural or legal person who develops, deals with, sells or imports goods by activity) means the obligation of the producer to ensure the organization of the collection, processing and utilization of their products after use, as well as information measures for consumers, etc.

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Published
2019-10-10
How to Cite
Khlabystova, K., & Gulak, O. (2019). The principles of waste and resources management in the EU members. Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (5), 46-52. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2019.05.05