Principles of the institute of citizenship in the constitutional law of the state


  • B. Ya. Kofman Chief Scientific Advisor, Institute of Legislation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine
Keywords: citizenship, state, person, mutual rights and obligations, constitutional law, legal status, legal status of a person.

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to substantiate the principles of the institution of citizenship and its content content in the constitutional law of the state.
Scientific novelty. The article deals with the role and importance of the institute of citizenship in the constitutional law of the state. Comprehensively studied approaches to the definition of «citizenship» through the definition of its basic principles, doctrinal concepts and sub-institutions. The role and significance of the legal status of a person (personality) and citizen, as well as a legal status of the person in the formation, development and functioning of the constitutional and legal institute of citizenship are revealed. Through the definition of these principles, for the first time, the system complex of provisions that characterize not only the role of the profile institution in the state, but also the institutional and fundamental role of understanding the meaning of the term «citizen» in the constitutional law of the state was practically for the first time – through the allocation of this subject to the respective powers and creation of it the corresponding legal status, which simultaneously contains the «internal» (internal) and «external» (external) aspects – that is, the principle approaches of the state to the definition of equal status of their citizens in the presence of their residence both on the territory of the patrimonial state and beyond its borders.
Conclusions. So, summing up the results of the study, we consider that the most effective from the point of view of the definition of the institution of citizenship is a comprehensive normative concept, which determines this institution both as a legal link, as well as from normative positions, that is, from the standpoint of the formation, existence, existence and functioning of the legal status man (personality)
We believe that the above principles as well as the theoretical concepts that accompany and ensure the establishment, development, functioning and improvement of the national institute of citizenship, which are fixed at the constitutional level and specified in the laws on citizenship, not only structure, detail, specify the content of national institutions of citizenship , giving them the necessary clarity and orientation, but also a priori form the proper and optimal legal status of citizens of different states, which will give them a real opportunity for the realization of their constitutional rights and freedoms.

References

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Published
2019-08-29
How to Cite
Kofman, B. (2019). Principles of the institute of citizenship in the constitutional law of the state. Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, (4), 31-36. Retrieved from https://instzak.com/index.php/journal/article/view/1725